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This website has plenty of thoroughly checked GNU/Linux Server administration and server and web software installation guides intended for the beginner to the advanced users.

Our Recently Published Articles

Automatic Room Light Controller With Arduino and PIR Sensor

In our earlier articles, we have explained What is a PIR Sensor, How it Works, and Arduino Light Sensor with LDR. In this project, we will set up an automatic light control system using Arduino. You can use Arduino UNO or any Arduino-compatible microcontroller board, such as ATtiny85. If we use only a PIR Sensor to control the light then it will become ON even during the daytime. So we need a … [Read more...]

What is a PIR Sensor, How it Works

A pyroelectric infrared sensor, also known as a PIR sensor, is a semiconductor sensor used to detect temperature changes. PIR sensors are based on the eponymous pyroelectricity, a property of some piezoelectric semiconductor crystals. A change in temperature ΔT leads to a measurable change in the electrical voltage. PIR sensors, unlike other temperature sensors, do not react to a certain … [Read more...]

Software Maintenance and Maintainability

In software engineering, the term software maintenance refers to "the modification of a software product after its delivery in order to fix bugs, improve performance or other attributes, or make adjustments to the changed environment." The task of maintenance includes all measures to maintain the functionality of the IT processes and software used. This also includes necessary professional and … [Read more...]

What is Design Pattern in Software Architecture

Design patterns are proven solutions to recurring design problems in architecture as well as in software architecture and development. They thus represent a reusable template for problem solving that can be used in a specific context. In recent years, the design pattern approach has also attracted increasing interest in the field of human-computer interaction.   Types of Design … [Read more...]

Arduino Light Sensor: Circuit and Code

A photoresistor, also known as a photoresistor or LDR, is a light-sensitive electrical resistor. The more light falls on the photoresistor, the smaller its resistance becomes. Compared to other light-sensitive electronic components such as photodiodes, photoresistors react very slowly. A thin layer of the photosensitive semiconductor material is applied to a ceramic substrate by sintering a … [Read more...]

Security Aspects of Mobile Banking

The term mobile banking refers to the processing of banking transactions that takes place with the help of mobile devices such as mobile phones or PDAs. It is possible to carry out mobile banking via special applications/widgets (small installed programs) or to access banking applications on the Internet directly via a mobile browser. Mobile banking differs from mobile payment, in which payment … [Read more...]

How to Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu 22.04 Server

As we have explained in earlier article, Nextcloud is a free web software for storing (and also sharing) files. Nextcloud can be considered an alternative to cloud-based SaaS services including Dropbox and Google Drive. This guide will show you how to install, and configure Nextcloud on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS on own server. As because Nextcloud is PHP MySQL based, the installation is almost like … [Read more...]

Basics Details of Nextcloud (Self Hosted Online Data Storage)

Nextcloud is a free software (under AGPL 3 and GPL 2) developed in PHP for storing data (e.g. files, calendars, contacts, etc.) on a private server. The user can access the data via a web interface as well as with client applications (smartphone and desktop). Servers and clients can synchronize. Nextcloud enables the user to access a central and consistent database from many end devices and … [Read more...]

What is Whois Protocol

Whois is a protocol that can be used to query information about Internet domains and IP addresses and their owners ("registrants") from a distributed database system. Since its inception, Whois queries have been carried out primarily via the command line. Since corresponding client software was not available for all common operating systems, web-based frontends became established early on. Despite … [Read more...]

What is Pharming (Internet)?

Pharming is a scam method spread through the Internet. It is based on manipulating the DNS queries of web browsers (for example, through DNS spoofing) in order to redirect the user to fake websites. It is an evolution of classic phishing. Pharming has established itself as an umbrella term for various types of DNS attacks. One method to do this is to manipulate the host file locally. With the … [Read more...]

What is Information Security

Information security is a state of technical or non-technical systems for information processing, storage and storage, which is intended to ensure the protection goals of confidentiality, availability and integrity. Information security serves to protect against dangers or threats, to avoid economic damage and to minimize risks. In practice, information security in the context of IT security … [Read more...]